You might not think much about how your air conditioner operates, but it needs refrigerant to keep your house fresh. This refrigerant is subject to environmental laws, because of the chemicals it contains.

Subject to when your air conditioner was put in, it may require R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll go over the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Rio Grande Valley, plus how these phaseouts affect you.

What’s R-22 and Why Is It Phased Out?

If your air conditioner was put in before 2010, it possibly has Freon®. You can find out if your air conditioner contains it by calling us at 956-630-3522. You can also look at the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is found outside your residence. This sticker will include info on what model of refrigerant your AC has.

Freon, which is also called R-22, contains chlorine. Scientists consider Freon to be harmful to the earth’s ozone layer and one that prompts global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which controls refrigerants in the United States, outlawed its manufacture and import in January 2020.

I Have a R-22 Air Conditioner. Should I Replace It?

It depends. If your air conditioning is cooling correctly, you can continue to keep it. With yearly air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your air conditioning to work around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy notes that removing a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on annual cooling expenses!

If you don’t replace your air conditioner, it can cause a problem if you have to have air conditioning repair in the future, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs could be pricier, as only reduced quantities of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is on hand.

With the discontinuation of R-22, many new air conditioners now rely on Puron®. Also referred to as R-410A, this refrigerant was created to keep the ozone layer healthy. Since it requires a different pressure level, it doesn’t work with air conditioners that need R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the potential to lead to global warming. As a consequence, it might also ultimately be phased out. Although it hasn’t been mandated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s expected sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take Over R-410A?

In preparation of the discontinuation, some manufacturers have initiated using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant rates low for global warming possibility—approximately one-third less than R-410A. And it also reduces energy use by around 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that could be sent on to you through your energy costs.

Cytech Heating & Cooling L.C. Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In summary, the alterations to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t impact you very much until you require repairs. But as we went over earlier, refrigerant-related repairs might be more expensive due to the low amounts that are accessible.

Not to mention, your air conditioner typically malfunctions at the worst time, typically on the hottest day when we’re getting lots of other calls for AC repair.

If your air conditioner relies on a discontinued refrigerant or is aging, we advise upgrading to a new, energy-efficient air conditioner. This delivers a stress-free summer and might even decrease your utility bills, especially if you get an ENERGY STAR®-rated model. Plus, Cytech Heating & Cooling L.C. offers many financing options to make your new air conditioner even more affordable. Contact us at 956-630-3522 to get started right away with a free estimate.